Musically, the revolutionary idea of the Reformation was that you could sing to your God yourself in church, not just listen to a trained initiate do it for you in a secret, private language which he understood and you didn’t. This idea is rooted in doctrine, and creates a divide which runs from before the Reformation and forward for the rest of this history, between music written for the trained professional, and music meant for anybody, anytime, anywhere.17
See the present author’s The Case for Traditional Protestantism (Edinburgh: The Banner of Truth Trust, 2004).
Quoted in Roland Bainton, Here I Stand: A Life of Martin Luther (New York: Abingdon Cokesbury Press, 1950), 339.
Ibid., IV:xviii.20, 1448.
John Calvin, Institutes of the Christian Religion, Library of Christian Classics, Vol. 2, ed. By John T. McNeill (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1960), IV, I.xi.8, 108.
cf. Isa 11:1ff; 43:23, 24; Jer 6:20, 7:4; Hos 6:6; Joel 2:12, 13; Am 5:21-24; Mic 6:6-8; Zech 7:4; Mal 1:6-14.
Ottomar F. Cypris, Martin Bucer’s Ground and Reason: A Commentary and Translation (1524, 1971; Yulee, FL: Good Samaritan Books, 2016).
Eg. Joseph A. Jungmann, The Early Liturgy, University of Notre Dame Liturgical Studies, Volume VI (Notre Dame, IN: University of Notre Dame Press, 1959), 167.
E.g. the Westminster Directory urges that a whole chapter from each testament be read in each service.
Calvin, Institutes, IV.xvii.39, 1416.
Ibid., IV.xix.6, 1454.
Kent Hughes, “Free Church Worship,” in D.A. Carson (ed), Worship By the Book (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002),147.
The appelation was that of Princeton’s Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield (1851-1921).
Hughes O. Old, Worship: Reformed According to Scripture, Revised and Expanded Edition (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2002), 173.
Cited in Bainton, Here I Stand, 341, 343.
Both are cautious about its capacity to corrupt as well.
Quoted in Bartlett R. Butler, “Hymns” in Hillerbrand (ed.), The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Reformation, Vol. 2 (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996), 290.
Cited by David A. Hoekema in The Christian Century magazine, Sept. 13, 2017, 38, quoting Andrew Gant, O Sing unto the Lord: A History of English Church Music (Chicago: Univ. of Chicago Press, 2017), 55 (my emphasis).
T. David Gordon, Why Johnny Can’t Sing Hymns: How Pop Culture Rewrote the Hymnal (Phillipsburg, NJ: P & R Publishing, 2010).
John Calvin, “Preface to the Psalter,” 1543, found in Elsie Ann McKee (ed.), John Calvin: Writings on Personal Piety, The Classics of Western Spirituality (New York: Paulist Press, 2001), 91-97.
Cited in Bard Thompson, Liturgies of the Western Church (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1061), 98.
John Calvin, Short Treatise on the Holy Supper of our Lord and Only Savior Jesus Christ, in J. K. S. Reid (ed.), Calvin’s Theological Treatises, Liberty of Christian Classics, vol. 22 (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1954), 149.
E.g. “Prayer of the Faithful,” also called the “Universal Prayer,” a prayer of intercession for the church, the world, and the needy; the benediction; and the communion epiclesis, invoking the Holy Spirit.
Thompson, Liturgies of the Western Church, 111; cf. Martin Luther, On the Babylonian Captivity of the Church in James Atkinson (ed.), Three Treatises (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1970),151-153.